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Important List of Smart goals for Websites

Author: Editor | Files under General Website Information
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Even websites need goals
When you build a website, it will be very much tempting on how to design the site, to create the layout for the site, build the CSS and HTML and ignore it or else to let some others in order to manage the maintenance. If you go with the maintenance, you will be getting more power.

Smart goals for your website
Smart goals are the ones that are Time-bound, Realistic Specific, Achievable and Measurable.

Some of the specific goals are
Ask yourself:
Who? When? What? Where? Why? How?
A specific goal will definitely answer all of your questions

Goals that are measurable
If you are able to measure the results, you will be able to measure the goals.
Ask yourself:
How many? How much to be achieved? How will I know when will I achieved the goal?

Goals that are achievable
You have to create the goals that can be accomplished by you. A goal will be definitely achievable if you know something that you can do. Perhaps it will be done before or else if you have the right training to do it, you will do it.
You have to ask some questions to yourself, like
Is this the one that I have to commit to?
Can I believe that I can accomplish this?
How much time will this goal rewire to be achieved?

Goals that are realistic
Goals that are realistic need not be easy. One of the ways to make the goal realistic, you have to the time frame. Do not make you site’s goals to easier. If you cannot do the tasks according to your sub-conscience, you will not be able to achieve even a simple task. If you set up a hard goal, once you complete that goal, you will feel more accomplished.
Do ask yourself these questions:
Can this goal is achievable?
Is this time right to achieve this goal?
Is the goal that has to be achieved is easy or too hard?

Goals that are time bound
In order to work on a goal, you need to have time limits. If you do not have the time limit, then all the work will go on lately without much success. So if you have the time limit, you will have something to do. So do put up some deadlines so that you will always be one the competitive side and thus will enable you to accomplish any task given to you.
So do ask these questions yourself:
When and why this goal has to be completed?
Is there any other project that rely on this goal and when this has to be completed?
How much time has to be used to achieve this goal?

Do write your site’s goals
If you write down the goals, it helps you to patch up your mind and conscious. So if you have the goals written, it helps to achieve that particular goal. Do check out the goals periodically. Do check whether you need to revaluate them or not. So go on with your goals.


Why Use DOCTYPE Declarations in HTML

Author: Editor | Files under HTML Tutorials
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Definition of Doctype: it specifies the version of the HTML used in the document

When a doctype is used in one of your WebPages, you are telling the web browser how your webpage should be displayed in what versions of (X) HTML. Here the browser gets a list of supported tags from the DOCTYPE and it doesn’t include either proprietary tags (the tags of HTML that works on in the internet explorer) or deprecated tags (attributes and elements which has been deprecated in the latest versions of XHTML 1.0 and XHTML) in the list.

But generally HTML editors allow you to write any non HTML or HTML tags you wish to write inside your documents, even if a strict DOCTYPE is specified. Even if it’s incorrect, HTML editors allow you to write and save anything that you want unlike many XHTML editors.

Web Browsers are fairly forgiving

You can write incorrect or invalid HTML codes and get away with it because most of the Web Browsers which are being used are astonishingly forgiving. Web Browsers do not require a well informed or valid HTML because Web Browsers will display anything given to them as long as it is defined as text or HTML.

Unlike xml applications, Web Browser attempts to find at what the Web Page writer is aiming at and it displays however what it can display.

Web Browser Quirks Mode

When most of the Web Browsers are in the quirk mode it will display the WebPages slight differently. If your WebPages doesn’t have a DOCTYPE or a DOCTYPE without DTD attached to it you might notice some of the quirks, they are:
Class names of CSS are case insensitive
Colours of HTML are parsed differently (# is not necessary, missing digits are filled in a different way).
If a unit is left off sizes are calculated in pixels (px).
In its place of Modern Browsers, pages try to view similar to that of Netscape 4.

From where did the scroll bar come from?

IE 6 has an amazing feature to it that it adds to the documents that have got HTML tags which are proprietary from within its page and deprecated. It adds a horizontal bar to it.

One of the possible way to avoid the horizontal scroll bar, is to get rid of the HTML tags which are proprietary and deprecated HTML tags with a DOCTYPE declaration from with in a page

Why Use a DOCTYPE Declarations
It’s a pretty good idea to get in the habit of using DOCTYPE declarations on your web pages. You won’t be amused in that way that, how they display.
Do validate your HTM (to validate CSS, HTML and other web files with these HTML validators, they are: CSS validators, HTML validators, RSS validators, an XHTML validators and a p3p validator. They are all easy to use, just put the URL of the HTML and just click on the validate button to get validated) once you are comfortable using them, by validating the HTML you will not end with the surprises like horizontal scroll bar in IE 6.


Don’t Catch a Virus from your Web Page

Author: Editor | Files under General Website Information
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Nobody would even think that the web developers would be worried about the viruses in particular. But the fact is that it is getting harder to hide from the smart virus writers. The most common SirCam virus is so dangerous that it is capable of searching the cached web pages or the email addresses. As this virus has an inbuilt mail server, it makes use of those email addresses for sending out the annoying spam email messages. The worst part is that this spammer is not used for sending any mail, but instead sends a virus to all the recipients.

How to protect yourself?

• Add anti-spam messages to your email addresses: These are special messages that cannot be recognised by a virus or a spambot but a person would easily be able to strip out.
• Take off your email address from your web pages: Make use of feedback forms where your email address was embedded in the CGI and not the HTML. The main reason of using the CGI here is that CGI cannot be cached and at the same time, you can still get your comments.
• Convert your email address to an image: Viruses and spammer programs cannot cache the images in the same way as they would be grabbing the email addresses. Always ensure that your email address is not included in your alt text.
• Make use of the JavaScript for building your mailto field: Try to use the JavaScript with variables which has been used for splitting up your email address, for building up mailto link, which cannot be read by the spambots.

Anti-Spam Messages in the Email Address
The easiest method of preventing the viruses and spam from spreading is by making use of the Anti Spam messages. Just add the words that would be recognised and should be removed from your email address in the mailto field.

The biggest drawback o using this method is that people easily skip out on the email addresses while clicking on the mailto link. And there is every possibility that if a bounce back message is received by them, it will be simply deleted.

Removing the email addresses
The most effective method of avoiding span or viruses would be to remove completely your email addresses. You just need to create a web form and send the mail using the CGI. Although there are variety of forms to email CGI is available but it is quite imperative to concentrate on the one which has the ability to store the email addresses in the CGI itself. Virus or a spambot can easily get the email address it is in the HTML.
The biggest drawback of this that people avoid using them as they feel more impersonal. Many of the customers who would have otherwise intimated you about the broken link will think twice before intimating you.

Convert Email Addresses to Images
If you have the comfort with the graphics, you can easily convert your email addresses to the images. There is a free Windows tool available for converting the email addresses to the image format for hiding from the spammers.

The biggest drawback o this is that once your email address is converted to an image, it cannot be used in the mailto tag. Also, your email address will have to be written by the customers themselves which can also cause typographical errors.

JavaScript to hide the email addresses
It is considered to be the most effective ways of hiding your email addresses from the viruses and the spambots, but always ensure that your customers have the convenience o using the mailto link.

The biggest drawback of this is that certain people work with the JavaScript turned off due to security reasons. The mailto link for these people will not be effective at all.


Working with Images in HTML

Author: Editor | Files under HTML Basics, HTML Tutorials
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A single image speaks more clearly than a thousand words. Images add spice to the web page. They make a website interactive and user friendly. In fact, images are the most vital element of a web page, especially those designed for children. In the absence of images nobody will enjoy web surfing. Today almost every web page contains images in order to increase its worth. So, it would be useful to have a look at the different aspects of an Image in HTML.

HTML basically supports two types of images i.e. .Gif and .Jpg image. While .Jpg images are static, the .Gif images can be both static and dynamic. tag is used to put an image on a web page. This tag has lots of attributes which are used to align an image, define its size and position etc. To add an image there are some basic attributes which should be used.

1) <IMG> tag is necessary
2) Then SRC attribute must be there to tell the document the source from where it will get the image.

For example:

<IMG SRC=”d:\images\hello.jpg”>

In the above example the <HTML> and </HTML> tags represent that this document is a web page. The IMG tag is representing the addition of an image in the web page. The SRC is the attribute of IMG which tells that from where and which image is to be inserted .There is no need to close the <IMG> tag with </IMG>.

One thing which should be noted is that you can give the full path to an image as well as only name of the image with the SRC attribute. If you are using an image which is not in the same folder where your HTML document resides, then you have to give its full path like d:\images\hello.jpg. In contrast if the hello.jpg file is in the folder where your HTML document and files are saved then you can mention only its name as like <IMG SRC=”hello.jpg”>. Another point which should be remembered is that you have to mention the full image name including its extension like hello.gif or hello.jpg otherwise the image will not be displayed. You can adjust the aliment, height, width and border of the image. If you set the value of border=0 then the border will disappear. In contrast, you can start increasing the value of height, width and border as per your requirements.

For example:

<IMG SRC=”d:\images\hello.jpg” ALT=”Hello” HEIGHT=”200” WIDTH=”600” BORDER=”6” >

Below are the different attributes and their explanations which can be used with <IMG>

  1. ALIGN: It is used to set the alignment of the image. You can use it as ALIGN= TOP, ALIGN= MIDDLE, ALIGN=CENTER, ALIGN= LEFT and ALIGN= RIGHT.
  2. BORDER: It is used to set the size of the border of the image.
  3. WIDTH: It is used to set the width of the image
  4. HEIGHT: Used to set the height of the image
  5. HSPACE: Represents the amount of space to the right and left of the image.
  6. VSPACE: Represents the amount of space to the top and bottom of the image.
  7. ALT: It represents the text which is to be displayed in place of image in case the web browser is unable to display the image.


HTML: Adding Sounds to Web Page

Author: Editor | Files under HTML Tutorials
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You can make the web page interesting with Graphics and texts and construct an interesting web page. Then the question is, what makes the difference between any two web pages, when the input for page construction-Graphics and Text-are the same. In other words, what is the basis of considering whether a particular page is good or bad?

Surprisingly, it is the same resource-Graphics and Text-that make the difference. For example, images are used to give a different look to the overall design of the page. But the visibility or clarity of the image makes the difference. To give a classy look, the image must be clear. Once that is done, you need to put in good pieces of information because it is the quality of content that pulls visitors.

There is another way to make the web page interesting. All you have to do is ton add some music and sound to it.. These days a lot many websites are doing this to attract people to browse them. It is wonderful for when you open the site, the musical sound automatically turns on and when you navigate, it runs off. This is called adding different sounds to different pages. This is not difficult at all to add sound to your page using html programming. The following 2 options are there and they both are simple and easy.

1. Link a sound file in your computer to the web page. The people visiting the web page will download this file and then it will play
2. Embed the sound you want to play into the page itself.

We will go through both the options to see their functionality with HTML. Sounds cool, well let us go ahead to analyze the first option of linking the sound file to the web page. Now you will have a practical go at your tags. Remember the tag HREF which is used for the link. Well here we will use the same tag to link the sound. The command will look something like this.

<a href=””>A Cool MIDI Song</a>

When a person clicks on this link he will be given an option to download by the browser and he can get the sound onto his computer. This is quite simple to use. So now even you can add sound to your web page. Well here MIDI type file is used. But if your sound file is of .wav, .aud or some other extension type then you can use that and create the link. Now let us see the scene when you download the song. You will be allowed to play in the player, which uses the particular extension. Once the player is run online, you have the tools present on it to start or pause the sound. This way all the controls for the sound are present with you along with the sound itself.

Next, let us see the other method of adding sound to the web page i.e. embed method. Well in the embed method you need not produce a link. You just need to embed it to the page that is the sound will play as soon as you open the page and it can be repeated all over again if you wish to. This is another cool and better way of adding sound. Here you need to specify the source of the file and other commands.

The command used for embedding the sound into your web page.

<embed src=””></embed>